Each year during the December holidays we traveled to the Qacha’s Nek District, home to both my parents. We spent Christmas Day at my father’s and New Year’s Eve at my mom’s home. We immersed ourselves in the village ways of living. I have fond memories of going to the water well, filling up my bucket and walking back home with it on top of my head, only to reach home with half of it empty and my clothes drenched in water. Balancing a bucket full of water on your head and walking up a mountain is not child’s play.
My maternal grandfather had a younger sister, who had a grandchild my age. We went to the same primary school and well, it’s all love when you have your super-smart cousin in the same class as you because you get to help each other out, and also their family had just returned from living in Denmark, so she was the cool kid, we all admired her. My cousin is a source of inspiration to me, she reminds me of how precious life is, and that no matter the circumstances we have the inherent strength to live life to its fullest.
We were around 10 years old, probably playing dodge ball during break time, just before the bell rang, she asked, “who turned off the lights.” During broad daylight, I wondered what she was talking about, only to realize that she could not see. We all knew that Makhiba couldn’t see well, she wore glasses and had to sit next to the blackboard in class. We knew that but didn’t expect that her sight would get worse.
This is her story:
Makhiba was in and out of the hospital for about a year, in Bloemfontein, a South African, who was one of two of the best eye doctors in the world operated her, she regained a little bit of sight, but then a few months later developed a cataract. She then had to go back to have the cataract removed, and, then there were all kinds of complications after that, including the fact that she had developed tonsillitis. This meant they had to postpone operating on her eye, which then also meant that her eyes were getting worse. By the time the tonsillitis had fully cleared a lot of time had passed, and her sight could not be recovered.
Makhiba missed out on three years of schooling, and ultimately had to go back, doctors advised that she go to a mainstream school to be able to cope in normal society later. And she did. She pursued a Political Science Degree at the University of Cape Town, then a Post Graduate Degree and most recently obtained a Management Corporate Governance Diploma. She has been able to study and work meaningfully, first at Africa’s largest stock exchange, the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, in Sustainability and now in Corporate Governance at the Public Investment Corporation and considers herself somewhat successful in Corporate South Africa. And this is why I see her as differently-abled, she is able to do anything she sets her mind to, it’s just that she does things in her own way.
Her short-term goals are public speaking, she would like to champion her message throughout the world, to change the world for other’s who are like her and is driven by the shocking statistics. According to the 2014 White Paper, Integrated National Disability Strategy, Situation Analysis an estimated 99 percent of disabled people are excluded from employment on the open Labour market.” This is her purpose.
Her message to the world this National Disability Employment Awareness Month is:
“Despite suffering a double retinal detachment at 10 years old rendering me instantly blind, life, with all its travails, is good, woe can’t be me. To bemoan existence as a blind person, I’d not be paying tribute to those who have believed in me and held my hand through life’s turbulences. I would be making a mockery of the real challenges faced by so many blind people unfortunately inhibited by a world, itself without vision.
In a world of adventure and adversity, we choose adventure. As blind as we are, we are visionary. Remove the blinkers and allow yourself an opportunity to see as we do, evenly.
Growing up, we always had the radio playing in the background—an old wireless in the kitchen that was stuck on one station. My favorites were the dramas that would play just before bedtime. I loved listening to the stories that would go on for weeks until the series would come to an end.
Radio made me love listening to people talk. It also helped me develop my listening skills and possibly also helped me with some areas of the English language. So, I have this thing for listening with my eyes closed. I can hear clearly what is being said, and paying attention to the tone and pitch of the voice matters.
Speaking is a form of art. That is why I have such respect for SHRM President and CEO Johnny C. Taylor, Jr. I enjoy listening to him talk about our profession, his vision for it, and his advice on different issues within our industry. There is something about the way he structures his message, and how he conveys it, that always makes sense to me.
Johnny is the most sought-after voice in HR. You have to be seriously talented to reach over 25,000 people with one message. He is an influencer of note and a truly inspirational leader.
At SHRM18, Johnny challenged us to “chase our lions”: “If your goals don’t scare you, then they are not big enough,” he said.
So, after I confirmed my trip to Las Vegas this year to attend what would be my second SHRM conference. I thought, who can I interview to feature in a blog post? On the long list of great options, he was the scariest of them all. He was my “lion,” and I knew then that I had to make it happen! So, I connected with him and asked for time in his diary at annual. He simply replied, “Count me in!”
After tons of research, I started to put together questions to ask him. My nerves kicked in after watching him on the Rubin Report podcast. I was seriously intimidated and thought it may not be a bad idea to mail my questions for his response.
Johnny was so cool and down to earth. In the course of our conversation, I was surprised and pleased to learn that Johnny has spent a bit of time on the continent, in Ghana and South Africa. We even shared a few laughs. But what blew me away is that he answered “I don’t know” to one of my questions, and then offered his thoughts. When was the last time you heard a leader honestly admitting that they didn’t have a ready answer to an issue?
Below are Johnny C. Taylor, Jr.’s answers to my questions:
Q1. Culture is an abstract concept, and yet it has a real bearing on business results. What advice can you offer organizations on approaches to root out bad (unwanted) behavior and transform organizational cultures in Africa?
A1. When people ask me the definition of culture, I often say we can have all these fancy definitions, but at its core, your average employer would say it’s what means to work here. What are acceptable behaviors? What are unacceptable behaviors? And these might vary by company.
There is no such thing as a perfect culture, or even an ideal culture. It depends upon what the organization decides it wants it to be, and it is that simple.
There are organizational cultures where people are allowed to work from home and others where the leaders have said, no, we want to all our people at work. One is not better than another—it’s just the culture.
What we have to do if we want successful organizations—be it in Africa or any other continent on the globe—is to make sure leaders, along with their HR partners, are honest about who they are. Culture is not based on the aspirational plaques that hang on the wall saying, “We are full of integrity, blah, blah.” Of course you are a company with integrity, I’d like to think.
We have to get down to real cultural statements that are supported by real behavioral statements. So, when you recruit people into your company, you can use those statements during the interview process, as you do when you are describing hard competencies and skills.
So, if I ask in a typical interview, “Do you have three to five years’ experience of this?” and “Can you give me examples of when you have done this?” what I am doing is really focusing on the technical skills. What we don’t do enough of as employers is to ask for examples about what they would do in X situation. What we want to do in an open-ended way is to determine whether or not they will fit into your culture. And we don’t always do that in our interview processes.
Oftentimes, we will take a very talented person who is technically competent but does not fit in, and then we wonder why the culture is what it is, and why we don’t enjoy the business successes we could have. Well, that’s the reason.
Organizations who get it are going to be crystal clear about what their culture is, and that means I may say to someone, “You are great candidate, but you are not gonna fit here.”
Q2. Most organizations don’t seem to have the inclusion part bedded down. What advice do you have for leaders today who want to have an immediate impact on building more inclusive workplace cultures?
A2. That’s a tough one. It’s tough because, while diversity is hard to achieve, inclusion is much harder. In fact, it is far more difficult to make a ton of people who are different feel like one unit than it would be for a whole bunch of people who are alike.
Think about your immediate family. If it’s just them, things are good, but when you bring others in from the outside, it becomes more difficult. It’s not that you love the others any less, or you think you are better than they are, it’s that we naturally gravitate toward people who have similar experiences, backgrounds, etc.
So, once you introduce diversity, inclusion is hard. We don’t have real conversations about inclusion in the workplace—in the United States and likely in Africa too. We don’t seem to understand that people who appear to look the same are not a monolithic group. We don’t all think, respond, or react the same, and there is a naivety about that.
Diversity has been oversimplified in some ways, focusing on the basics of race and gender, but there are so many other ways people are different, and we can’t ignore them.
The inclusion issue about being crystal clear about your culture, because once you get your culture statement right, and then you recruit against that, then you will automatically move toward the culture you want.
Establish your rules of engagement. We can have a whole bunch of diversity in the room, but we must be unafraid to tell people who we are as an organization and what our cultural norms are. Yes, we run the risk of getting a whole bunch of people who think and act alike. And that’s where really talented HR people can help keep that in check, because we do want diverse opinions, perspectives, and experiences.
Q3. I know that you are passionate about the issue of ageism, not only in hiring practices but also how it affects the rest of the workforce. How can employers work together to overcome this bias?
A3. I don’t know! And I am going to be very transparent here. Of course we can have courses and training, and even have laws that make it illegal to discriminate. Those will impact a little bit, but I believe what we’ve got to do is to talk about it, to call it out. The reason I say “I don’t know” is that I am trying that approach now, and we will see how effective it is.
I think we have all been conditioned to like the newest, coolest thing on the market. I want the iPhone 10, not the iPhone 7. Since we are socialized that way, we shouldn’t be surprised about bias against older workers.
Like any other type of unconscious bias, the way to deal with it is to talk about it a lot and put it in the person’s face. You could say, “Listen, when you are running HR and you have a recruitment ad that says you want ‘young, energetic, vibrant people,’ do you know what you are saying to people who aren’t young anymore? That you don’t want them. You have immediately sent all the wrong messages. I know you didn’t mean anything by it when you said ‘young’, but you excluded a lot of people.”
Many companies do most of their recruitment on college campuses. They don’t go looking for other people unless it’s for management roles. Yes, we will get a 50-60 year-old CEO, and that’s a different conversation, but in most cases, everyone wants the newest.
Q4. What single piece of advice do you have for HR practitioners, wherever they may be in the world, that would be relevant to all of them?
A4. Practice with courage. I have met a number of really smart HR people who are really good practitioners, so they know HR and they do HR well. But where a lot of them fail is a lack of courage—workplace professional courage. They are in rooms where the HR perspective is really important, but they are afraid to be the stand-out when the business people are making suggestions about an approach. We automatically think, Well, they are the business people, and I am not. I am here to support them; I am not one of them.
Our mindset is one of not believing that our voice really matters, and so we sit in meetings and hear bad suggestions, bad ideas, and defer because secretly we lack the courage to step up.
And I have been in that position. I have sat in a room where the CFO and CTO and everyone is making decisions about where to find the extra money, and they say they can just eliminate 20% of every department. And I am sitting there thinking, “Now why would you do that? There are some departments where 20% of people need to go away because it is too fat, but there are other departments where the manager is already operating in a very lean fashion. A one-size-fits-all staff cut isn’t smart.” I am thinking all of that—I just didn’t have the courage to speak up. I sat in those meetings and thought the others were smarter. They went to MBA school; they know numbers. I was wrong about that.
Related to courage is HR’s need to understand the business and how our organizations make money or don’t. That knowledge helps us build the muster to speak intelligently about operational issues. The best practitioners know HR and do HR courageously.
Q5. Discuss your faith, purpose and this moment.
A5. If you look at my career, it’s been a very circuitous one, and it may be hard to understand how I ended here. God has been making it clear to me over time.
I would love to say I woke up at 20 years old and said I’m going to map my career to this job. It wasn’t that way. In fact, I rely very heavily on my faith and my instincts. I think they may be intertwined as concepts. And I am led.
When I chose the role of CEO of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund, supporting Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), every person I know told me that that was a career-killer. They reminded me I had worked for Wayne Huizenga at Blockbuster, Sumner Redstone at Viacom, Barry Diller at IAC and Paramount—big names. So why would I want to work for a small black college fund—and by the way I didn’t even go to an HBCU. Why would I take myself off the corporate path for a non-profit black thing?
A lot of people said to me, “Johnny, you are too young to take yourself out of corporate America—are you out of your mind?” These were well-intentioned people, and smart. Some of the best headhunters in the country called me and said, “I don’t know what you are doing, but this is a very bad idea”.
As coincidence would have it, I had just had my first child, a little girl who I am in love with. She was born at the time I decided I needed a different lifestyle. I didn’t think about it that way, but God just made it all happen for me to end up being the CEO of the Thurgood Marshall College Fund, which is something that I never thought I would be doing.
And when she got to seven years old, and she was now independent enough, I went back to being a CEO in a corner suite, but still improving and changing people’s lives.
I am going on this journey, so where it takes me, is where I end up!
“Diversity is the range of human differences, including but not limited to race, ethnicity, gender, gender identity, sexual orientation, age, social class, physical ability or attributes, religious or ethical values system, national origin and political beliefs.”
What about race? How do we break down the fundamental differences that are inherent in people of the same race? Africans are different, African-American’s are different. We don’t seem to understand that even amongst people who appear to look the same, we are different. We are not a monolithic group of people. We don’t all think, respond and react the same way.
In corporate South Africa, we have experienced behavior and attitudes that stem from strong loyalty to one’s own tribe or social group, where blatant favoritism is displayed. In such instances lucky are those whose tribe is in the powerful/lead position for they shall find favor in all their endeavors at work, always at the cost of putting a damper on organisational culture.
Sadly, we brush it off by saying, “Oh these are the effects of colonialism, this is the mind conditioning that taught us to hate ourselves,” and we leave it there, but it’s a very serious issue because it gets in the way of us working well together. We have this undercurrent of hate amongst each other, and we see it, but we do not talk about it.
A Zulu colleague once told me that, growing up, her folks used to tell them as children that Zulu’s are better than all the other African tribes, and that we are “amashangane,” which is a derogatory term used by Zulu’s when speaking of other tribes. I have tried to understand why anyone would say that and have thought that perhaps it was a way of instilling some sense of pride in the Zulu child, to help them love themselves and to be proud of their identity. However, it seems that specific teaching created mental models that do not serve the purpose of inclusion.
As human resources practitioners, we need to understand all barriers to inclusivity. But what must happen if we are the problem? What if we have built in us this superiority complex which has put blinkers that prevent us from seeing our blind spots?
We have a problem if we are putting together guiding principles that say things like “we are an inclusive employer, we put conscious and deliberate effort into Diversity and Inclusion, our culture, policies, systems, blah, blah…,” and yet on the 24th of September which is Heritage Day in South Africa, we put together an entire programme where the company has to watch how one tribe celebrates their culture, when we live in a country where there are at least eleven official languages in the country. The business looks at us as though we have completely lost it and deems us as incompetent.
It’s our time. HR is in a position to add value by showing that we understand these intricate nuances and that we have the ability to deal with their complexities to build a truly inclusive culture for all.
There are great stories to be told about how we took off our blinkers, to understand our blind spots, and how that has changed the way we think. We need to start by having real conversations in the workplace, allowing people to give us feedback, to appreciate what is in our blind and unknown areas, with the intention of widening the open space of our Johari window. The same liberation is required across the continent, where we need to all learn each other’s way’s, to better understand how to work well, together!
And as we all now work in a global marketplace, and with a global workforce, we can learn to appreciate our similarities as well as our differences to build more inclusive workplaces.
As Women’s month comes to an end in South Africa, I am reminded that we do not need to be perfect, in fact, striving for perfection stiffles us in many ways and prevents us from seeing our inherent beauty. So, from now on, I pledge to embrace my dysfunctionalities along with my creative, emotional and mental brilliance!
When I walked up to the venue to get mic’d up, I saw Steve Browne on stage and thought “okay, this is it, I am totally dead, speaking after Steve is unthinkable”. I felt tested, so I improvised by asking the backstage manager to play one of my favorite songs, to help rev me up a little bit, “Africa” by Salif Keita
The Smart Stage is challenging in that you have only 18 minutes to make an impact, so you need to speak fast, and the greatest tip from the stage manager was to use very few words in my slides. Yes, I was a ball of nerves, but this was an opportunity I could not afford to miss.
A massive shout out to the my friends from the #SHRM19BlogSquad who took time out of their hectic schedules to come and hear me speak and to support me. Your energy and smiles kept me going: Mary Williams, Chris Orozco, Lorena Parbon, Amanda Brunson, Keith Enochs, Paul LaLonde, Wendy Dailey, Nicole Roberts, Kyra Matkovich, Ben Watts (I hope I didn’t miss anyone, pls forgive me)…I hope to be able to return the favor to you one day. I appreciate you!
And big thank you Andrew Morton for the opportunity and the words of encouragement when I got off stage.
#SHRM19 was an overdose of good experiences. I am eternally grateful to God for making it all possible, and can’t wait for #SHRM20 in San Diego, please join us!